VISION AND AGING PCC Global Health January 18, 2022

VISION AND AGING

Age-related vision changes happen to many people as they grow older. But eye problems aren’t something you should simply write off as normal.

Some problems stem from new or worsening vision disorders. As you get older, these might happen gradually. Others happen suddenly, quickly causing blindness. That is why regular exams with an eye doctor are so important.

Examples of some eye problems associated with aging are:

  • Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD)
  • Glaucoma
  • Cataracts
  • Diabetic retinopathies
  • Retinal vessel occlusion

What can you do to lower your risk of age-related vision problems?

“Although you can’t control a family history of glaucoma or macular degeneration, there are certain lifestyle changes you can make to reduce your risk of developing eye conditions”

says Albert Jun.

  • Always protect your eyes from sunlight by wearing sunglasses that block ultraviolet (UV) radiation and a hat with a wide brim when you are outside.
  • Stop smoking.
  • Make smart food choices (eat healthy).
  • Be physically active and maintain a healthy weight.
  • Maintain normal blood pressure.
  • Manage diabetes (if you have it).
  • If you spend a lot of time at the computer or focused on one thing, take a break every 20 minutes to look about 20 feet away for 20 seconds to prevent eye strain.
  • Visit your eye doctor for check up and early detection of vision problems.

Common Treatment Age-Related Vison Problems

Your doctor may recommend you take certain vitamins and minerals — including zinc, vitamins C and E, and lutein and zeaxanthin — in specific doses to slow down some of these problems at their early stage.

Other treatments include; eye drops, medicated glasses, laser treatment, and surgery.

 

 

 References

https://www.hopkinsmedicine.org/health/wellness-and-prevention/best-way-to-age-proof-your-vision

https://www.webmd.com/eye-health/age-related-vision

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