HOW TO USE ESSENTIAL PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICES IN COMMUNITY PRACTICE PCC Global Health May 3, 2023

HOW TO USE ESSENTIAL PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICES IN COMMUNITY PRACTICE

  1. Monitor health status to identify community problems.

This service comprises the ongoing, systematic collection, analysis, and interpretation of health-related data, including: Identification of threats to health and assessment of health service needs, timely collection, analysis, and publication of information on access, utilization, costs, and outcomes of personal health services, attention to the vital statistics and health status of specific groups that are at higher risk than the total population and collaboration to manage integrated information systems with private providers and health benefit plans.

To monitor community health status, you can use federal, state, and community-level information, such as: Census data, Centers for Disease Control (CDC) data, the National Health Interview Survey, cancer registries, state-level “report cards” on maternal and child health and other areas, as well as reports and statistics from the state public health agency, school health reports, community surveys and information about community-level indicators, such as drunk driving arrests, etc.

  1. Diagnose and investigate health hazards in the community.

This service encompasses public health activities such as: Epidemiologic identification of emerging health threats, public health laboratory capability using modern technology to conduct rapid screening and high-volume testing, active infectious disease epidemiology programs and technical capacity for epidemiologic investigation of disease outbreaks and patterns of chronic disease and injury.

  1. Inform, educate, and empower people about health issues.

Providing accessible health information resources at community levels (e.g., free, mobile health screening initiatives) and active collaboration with personal health care providers to reinforce health promotion messages and programs. Joint health education programs with schools, churches, and worksites (e.g., stress reduction seminars; parenting support groups for enhancing mental health; and health fairs) can help health education

  1. Mobilize community partnerships to identify and solve health problems.

Convene and facilitate community groups and associations, including those not typically considered to be health-related, to undertake defined preventive, screening, rehabilitation, and support programs. Health information should be targeted to high-risk population groups. There should be technical assistance for effective worksite health promotion/disease prevention programs and outreaches.

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