4 PILLARS OF HEALTH PCC Global Health May 24, 2022


There are four pillars of public health, which are physical health, emotional health, cognitive health, and social health. Let’s take a look at each of these pillars of public health and how it affects your overall mental health and wellness.

Pillar 1: Physical Health

Physical health and mental health go hand-in-hand. After all, your brain is the leader of your body, controlling its every move. When we take care of our body and mind, we are keeping our entire system running as it is supposed to be. When we neglect either our mental or physical health, it can have adverse effects on our entire system. The keys to physical health are your diet, exercise routine, and the amount of sleep you get.

Pillar 2: Emotional Health

While often used in the same light as mental health, emotional health is something completely different. Emotional health refers to having an awareness of your feelings and emotions as well as having the ability to manage and express these feelings in an age-appropriate fashion. Emotional health is your ability to recognize and control your emotions.

Pillar 3: Cognitive Health

Cognition refers to our ability to think. It also refers to our ability to recognize, obtain, comprehend, and answer information that is presented to us. Examples of cognition include concentration, the ability to remember things, analyzation, problem-solving, categorizing, and reordering. We need to be able to do all these things to be successful in our daily lives in work, social, and academic environments Some signs of cognitive dysfunction as a result of a mental health issue include: Not being able to problem-solve, Poor decision making, Confusion, Regular headaches, A decline in performance either at work or at school, difficulty in concentrating, trouble focusing or thinking clearly, Memory loss, Difficulty sleeping

The good news is, even if you find yourself suffering from one or more of these issues there are things that you can do to not only improve your cognitive health but your overall mental health as well. Strengthening and exercising the brain can go a long way when it comes to improving cognitive function. Some of the things that you can do include: Puzzles, Writing, Reading, Physical exercise, Hobbies such as cooking, art, and playing an instrument.

Pillar 4: Social Health

Given the current climate we live in, our social health might be the biggest thing that we are all struggling with right now. Our mental health is very much connected to our ability to have regular to semi-regular social interactions.

Humans by nature are social creatures, it’s in our DNA. These social interactions give us a sense of purpose belonging, increased levels of happiness, reduced stress levels, increased self-worth, and confidence. All of these things are good for our overall mental health and well-being.

These things can be difficult right now with everything going on in the world. Unfortunately, the lack of regular social interaction can lead to depression, anxiety, and poor overall mental health.

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